Svaneti is a historical mountainous region in the northwest of Georgia, inhabited by svans.
Territorially and historically Svaneti is divided into the Upper and Lower, divided by the Svanets Ridge.
From the north and the east, the Upper Svaneti is bordered by the Main Caucasian Range with the peaks Shkhara, Ushba, Tetnuldi, etc., along which the Georgian-Russian border passes (Kabardino-Balkaria). From the south rises Svanetsky ridge, which adjoins directly to the Main Caucasian ridge and closes Upper Svaneti from the east.
From the west the area is separated by the Hurum Range from the Kodori Gorge.
Upper Svaneti is famous for its architectural treasures and picturesque landscapes. The residential towers, built mainly in the IX-XII centuries, stand out. Also preserved are the ancient stone Orthodox churches.